Basics to Prayer-What Does the Bible Say About Prayer?

Have you struggled with prayer? Does prayer seem like an exercise in eloquent speech that you just don’t possess?

Prayer is not a mysterious practice reserved only for clergy and the religiously devout. Prayer is simply communicating with God—listening and talking to him. Believers can pray from the heart, freely, spontaneously, and in their own words. If prayer is a difficult area for you, learn these basics principles of prayer and how to apply them in your life.

What Does the Bible Have to Say About Prayer?

The Bible has a lot to say about prayer. The first mention of prayer is found in Genesis, chapter 4.Genesis 4:26 

And as for Seth, to him also a son was born; and he named him Enosh. Then men began to call on the name of the LORD.(NKJV)

What is the Correct Posture for Prayer?

There is no correct or certain posture for prayer. In the Bible people prayed on their knees (1 Kings 8:45), bowing (Exodus 4:31), on their faces before God (2 Chronicles 20:18Matthew 26:39), and standing (1 Kings 8:22). You may pray with your eyes opened or closed, quietly or out loud—however you are most comfortable and least distracted.

Should I Use Eloquent Words?

Your prayers need not be wordy or impressive in speech.Matthew 6:7 

“When you pray, don’t babble on and on as people of other religions do. They think their prayers are answered only by repeating their words again and again.”(NLT)Ecclesiastes 5:2 

Do not be quick with your mouth, do not be hasty in your heart to utter anything before God. God is in heaven and you are on earth, so let your words be few.(NIV)

Why Should I Pray?

• Prayer Develops Our Relationship with God.
If we never speak to our spouse or never listen to anything our spouse might have to say to us, our marriage relationship will quickly deteriorate. It is the same way with God. Prayer—communicating with God—helps us grow closer and more intimately connected with God.Zechariah 13:9 
I will bring that group through the fire and make them pure, just as gold and silver are refined and purified by fire. They will call on my name, and I will answer them. I will say, ‘These are my people,’ and they will say, ‘The LORD is our God.’ “(NLT)John 15:7 

But if you stay joined to me and my words remain in you, you may ask any request you like, and it will be granted! 
• The Lord Instructed Us to Pray.
One of the simplest reasons to spend time in prayer is because the Lord instructed us to pray. Obedience is a natural by-product of discipleship.Matthew 26:41

    “Keep alert and pray. Otherwise temptation will overpower you. For though the spirit is willing enough, the body is weak!”

      (NLT)Luke 18:1

        Then Jesus told his disciples a parable to show them that they should always pray and not give up.

          (NIV)Ephesians 6:18

            And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests. With this in mind, be alert and always keep on praying for all the saints.

              (NIV)(See also – Matthew 7:7 and 1 Timothy 2:8)

              What If I Don’t Know How to Pray?

              The Holy Spirit will help you in prayer when you don’t know how to pray.Romans 8:26-27

                In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groans that words cannot express. And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints in accordance with God’s will. (NIV)

                Are There Requirements for Successful Prayer?

                Yes, there are some requirements found in the Bible for successful prayer.Successful prayer requires:

                • A humble heart

                2 Chronicles 7:14

                  If my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then will I hear from heaven and will forgive their sin and will heal their land.

                    (NIV)• WholeheartednessJeremiah 29:13

                      You will seek me and find me when you seek me with all your heart.

                        (NIV)• FaithMark 11:24

                          Therefore I tell you, whatever you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours.

                            (NIV)• RighteousnessJames 5:16

                              Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective.

                                (NIV)• Obedience1 John 3:22

                                  And we will receive whatever we request because we obey him and do the things that please him.


                                    Does God Hear and Answer Prayer?

                                    Yes, God hears and answers prayer. Here are several examples of this promise from the Bible.Psalm 34:17

                                      The righteous cry out, and the LORD hears them; he delivers them from all their troubles.

                                        (NIV)Psalm 91:15

                                          He will call upon me, and I will answer him; I will be with him in trouble, I will deliver him and honor him.

                                            • 1 Samuel 1:27
                                            • Psalm 4:3
                                            • Psalm 18:6
                                            • Proverbs 15:29
                                            • Isaiah 58:9
                                            • Luke 11:9

                                            Why are Some Prayers Not Answered?

                                            Sometimes our prayers are not answered. The Bible gives several reasons or causes for failure in prayer:

                                            • Disobedience – Deuteronomy 1:451 Samuel 14:37
                                            • Secret Sin – Psalm 66:18
                                            • Indifference – Proverbs 1:28
                                            • Neglect of mercy – Proverbs 21:13
                                            • Despising the Law – Proverbs 28:9
                                            • Bloodguiltiness – Isaiah 1:15
                                            • Iniquity – Isaiah 59:2Micah 3:4
                                            • Stubbornness – Zechariah 7:13
                                            • Instability or Doubt – James 1:6-7
                                            • Self-indulgence – James 4:3

                                            Sometimes our prayers are refused. Prayer must be in accord with God’s divine will.

                                            1 John 5:14

                                              This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to his will, he hears us.

                                                (NIV)(See also – Deuteronomy 3:26Ezekiel 20:3)

                                                Should I Pray Alone or with Others?

                                                God wants us to pray together with other believers.Matthew 18:19

                                                  Again, I tell you that if two of you on earth agree about anything you ask for, it will be done for you by my Father in heaven.

                                                    (NIV)Luke 1:10

                                                      And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshipers were praying outside.(NIV)Acts 1:14

                                                        They all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers.

                                                          (NIV)God also wants us to pray alone and in secret:Matthew 6:6

                                                            But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.

                                                              (NIV)Mark 1:35

                                                                Very early in the morning, while it was still dark, Jesus got up, left the house and went off to a solitary place, where he prayed.

                                                                  (NIV)Luke 5:15-16

                                                                    Yet the news about him spread all the more, so that crowds of people came to hear him and to be healed of their sicknesses. But Jesus often withdrew to lonely places and prayed.

                                                                      (NIV)Luke 6:12

                                                                        Now it came to pass in those days that He went out to the mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.(NKJV)

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