英语数字读法

一.分数(fraction)

英语中的分数和汉语中的分数表示法及读法没有很强的对应性,需要认真记忆。一般情况下,表示分数时,分子要用基数词,分母用序数词(first,second,third,fourth …)。如果分子大于1,分母必须用复数形式。

1. “1/2″或”一半”的表示方法,用one half或a half表示。例如:
半英里one (a) half mile或half one (a) mile
一个半小时an hour and a half或one and a half hours (hour要用复数形式)

2. “1/4″的表示方法,用one (a) quarter表示。如果分子大于1, quarter用复数形式。例如:
1/4  one (a) quarter
3/4  three quarters

3. 如果分子大于1,分母要用序数词的复数形式。如果分数大于1,要用整数部分+ and + 分数表示,例如:
1/3 one third或a third
5/6 five sixths
8 3/5 eight and three fifths

4. 比较复杂的分数用over表示。分子(基数词)+ over + 分母(基数词)。注意这里分子、分母全用基数词表示。例如:
51/80 fifty-one over eighty
77/232 seventy-seven over two hundred and thirty-two

5. 用”分子(基数词)+ (out) of + every + 分母(基数词)”表示。这里分子、分母也全用基数词表示。例如:
1/7  one of every seven
5/9  five out of every nine
eg: An investigation showes that about two of every three students in this university are from China.一项调查表明这所大学大约有三分之二的学生来自中国。

6. 用”分子(基数词)+ in + 分母(基数词)”表示。这里分子、分母也全用基数词表示。例如:
1/3 one in three
5/6 five in six
eg: Only about one in five books was written for children ranged from seven to ten years old.只有大约五分之一的书是为七到十岁的儿童写的。

7. 用”表示减少意义的动词或词组+ 倍数”表示减少了n-1/n。例如:
eg: The time for the whole journey is shortened 3 times. 整个行程的时间缩短了三分之二(或缩短到原来的三分之一)。

8. 当分数后面接名词时,如果分数表示的值大于1,名词用复数;如果小于1,名词用单数。
3 3/5 kilograms 三又五分之三千克(读作three and three fifths kilograms)
4/5 meter 五分之四米(读作four fifths meter)
5/6 inch 六分之五英寸(读作five sixths inch)

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