圣经文化系列 1

By http://bbs.taisha.org/thread-410725-1-8.html

《圣经》知识是外语的门户。
我们一起来看看《圣经》里是如何用词的:
1. And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.”
从天上有声音说:「这是我的爱子,我所喜悦的。」
e.g.(as) pleased as Punch: very pleased:
She was as pleased as Punch about the news.
2. Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.
人活着,不是单靠食物,乃是靠上帝口里所出的一切话。
e.g. live on sth (FOOD): to only eat a particular type of food
I more or less live on pasta.
3. “Come, follow me,” Jesus said, “and I will make you fishers of men.”
耶稣对他们说:「来跟从我,我要叫你们作得人的渔夫。」
e.g.Follower: someone who supports, admires or believes in a particular person, group or idea
a follower of Jesus
4. Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
心灵贫穷的人有福了,因为天国是他们的。
e.g. poor: not good, being of a very low quality, quantity or standard:
a poor harvest
5. In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the Desert of Judea and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.”
当那些日子,有施洗的约翰出来,在犹太的旷野传道,说:「天国近了,你们应当悔改。」
e.g. Marry in haste, repent at leisure.
This means that if you marry someone without knowing them well, you will regret it later.
6. Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house.
人点灯,不放在斗底下,是放在灯台上,就照亮一家的人。
e.g.be the light of sb’s life: to be the person you love most
My daughter is the light of my life.
7.You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again?
你们是世上的盐,盐若失了味,怎能叫他再咸呢?
e.g.be the salt of the earth: if someone is the salt of the earth, they are a very good and honest person
His mother’s the salt of the earth. She’d give you her last penny.
8. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.
清心的人有福了,因为他们必得见上帝。
e.g.be as pure as the driven snow: to be morally good
How dare he criticize me for having an affair? He’s not exactly as pure as the driven snow himself.
9. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.
饥渴慕义的人有福了,因为他们必得饱足。
e.g.have had your fill of sth: if you have had your fill of an unpleasant situation, you will not accept it any longer
People have had their fill of empty promises and want action.
10.Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.
哀恸的人有福了,因为他们必得安慰。
e.g.be too close for comfort: to make people worried or frightened by being too close in distance or too similar in amount
Those lions were much too close for comfort.
The party will have to work hard to improve its image – the last election result was too close for comfort.
11.Be careful not to do your “acts of righteousness” before men, to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven.
你们要小心,不可将善事行在人的面前,故意叫他们看见;若是这样,就不能得你们天父的赏赐了。
e.g.reap the benefit/reward, etc.: to get the benefit, etc. that is the result of your own actions
She studied every evening and reaped the benefit at exam time.
12. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
因为他叫日头升起照好人,也照歹人;降雨给义人,也给不义的人。
e.g.self-righteous: believing that your ideas and behaviour are morally better than those of other people
He’s so self-righteous – you’d think he’d never done anything wrong in his life.
13.But I tell you: “Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.”
只是我告诉你们,要爱你们的仇敌;为那逼迫你们的祷告。
e.g.persecute: to treat someone unfairly or cruelly because of their race, religion, or beliefs
(often passive) He was persecuted for his religious beliefs.
14.You have heard that it was said, “Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.”
你们听见有话说:”以眼还眼,以牙还牙。”
e.g.An eye for an eye (and a tooth for a tooth).: something that you say which means if someone does something wrong, they should be punished by having the same thing done to them
If you murder someone you deserve to die. An eye for an eye.
15. Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.
莫想我来要废掉律法和先知,我来不是要废掉,乃是要成全。
e.g.abolish: to end an activity or custom officially:
I think bullfighting should be abolished.
16.And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.
不领我们进入试探,救我们脱离凶恶(或作脱离恶者)。
e.g. necessary evil: something you do not like doing but which you know must be done, or something you do not like but which you must accept:
I think he regards work as a necessary evil.
17. Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
免我们的债,我们照样也免人的债。
e.g.bad debt: a debt that is not likely to be paid:
The bank expects to lose £703 million of last year’s profits as a result of bad debts.
18. This, then, is how you should pray: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name.”
所以你们祷告,要这样说:「我们在天上的父,愿人都尊你的名为圣。」
e.g. a hallowed ground
19. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.
你们不可效法他们,因为你们没有祈求以先,你们所需用的,你们的父早已知道了。
e.g.be like a bull in a china shop: to often drop or break things because you move awkwardly or roughly
Rob’s like a bull in a china shop – don’t let him near those plants.
20.But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing.
你施舍的时候,不要叫左手知道右手所作的。
e.g. almsgiving
21. But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.
你们要先求他的国和他的义;这些东西都要加给你们了。
e.g. seek out sb/sth or seek sb/sth out: to look for someone or something for a long time until you find them
She tried to seek out her real mother when she discovered she was adopted.
22. For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them.
这都是外邦人所求的﹔你们需用的这一切东西,你们的天父是知道的。
e.g. a man/woman after your own heart: if someone is a man or woman after your own heart, you admire them because they do or believe the same things as you
He likes a good curry – a man after my own heart.
23. Who of you by worrying can add a single hour to his life?
你们哪一个能用思虑使寿数多加一刻呢?
e.g. Don’t worry your pretty little head. : used to tell someone not to worry:
“What about all the work that needs doing in the kitchen?” “I’ll sort that out – don’t worry your pretty little head about it!”
24. You cannot serve both God and Money.
你们不能又事奉上帝,又事奉钱财。
e.g. serve sb right: if something bad that happens serves someone right, they deserve it
It would serve you right if your children never spoke to you again.
And she didn’t get the promotion she’d hoped for, which served her right for being so smug.
25. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
因为你的财宝在哪里,你的心也在那里。
e.g. a treasure trove of sth a place that is full of something good:
a treasure trove of information
Though small, this museum is a veritable treasure trove of history.
26. So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.
所以无论何事,你们愿意人怎样待你们,你们也要怎样待人,因为这就是律法和先知的道理。
27. Which of you, if his son asks for bread, will give him a stone?
你们中间,谁有儿子求饼,反给他石头呢?
28. For everyone who asks receives; he who seeks finds; and to him who knocks, the door will be opened.
因为凡祈求的,就得着;寻找的,就寻见;叩门的,就给他开门。
29. Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye?
为甚么看见你弟兄眼中有刺,却不想自己眼中有梁木呢?
30. Do not judge, or you too will be judged.
你们不要论断人,免得你们被论断。
e.g. You can’t judge a book by its cover.:
something that you say which means you cannot judge the quality or character of someone or something just by looking at them
She doesn’t look very intelligent, but you can’t judge a book by its cover.

31. Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock.
所以,凡听见我这话就去行的,好比一个聪明人,把房子盖在盘石上。
eg. practice what you preach: to do what you advise other people to do
I would have more respect for him if he practised what he preaches.
32. Not everyone who says to me, “Lord, Lord,” will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.
凡称呼我「主阿!主阿」的人,不能都进天国;惟独遵行我天父旨意的人才能进去。
e.g. Where there’s a will there’s a way!:
something that you say which means it is possible to do anything if you are very determined to do it
I don’t quite know how I’m going to get to Istanbul with no money, but where there’s a will there’s a way!
33. Thus, by their fruit you will recognize them.
所以凭着他们的果子就可以认出他们来。
34. Watch out for false prophets. They come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ferocious wolves.
你们要防备假先知,他们到你们这里来,外面披着绵羊皮,里面却是残暴的狼。
35. Enter through the narrow gate. For wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it.
你们要进窄门;因为引到灭亡—那门是宽的、路是大的,进去的人也多。
e.g.lead sb by the nose: to control someone and make them do exactly what you want them to do
Cows are often led by a ring which has been put through their nose. “usually passive”
They simply didn’t know what they were doing and they were led by the nose by a manipulative government.
36. But Jesus told him, “Follow me, and let the dead bury their own dead.”
耶稣说:「任凭死人埋葬他们的死人,你跟从我吧!」
e.g.bury the hatchet: to forget about arguments and disagreements with someone and to become friends with them again
It had been over a year since the incident and I thought it was time we buried the hatchet.
37. Jesus replied, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.”
耶稣说:「狐狸有洞,天空的飞鸟有窝,人子却没有枕头的地方。」
e.g. lay sth at sb’s door: to blame someone for something bad that has happened
The blame for their deaths was laid firmly at the government’s door.
38. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah: “He took up our infirmities and carried our diseases.”
这是要应验先知以赛亚的话,说:「他代替我们的软弱,担当我们的疾病。」
39. When Jesus heard this, he was astonished and said to those following him, “I tell you the truth, I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith.
耶稣听见就希奇,对跟从的人说:「我实在告诉你们:这么大的信心,就是在以色列中我也没有遇见过。」
40. Jesus reached out his hand and touched the man. “I am willing,” he said. “Be clean!” Immediately he was cured of his leprosy.
耶稣伸手摸他,说:「我肯,你洁净了吧!」他的大痲疯立刻就洁净了。
e.g. kill or cure: a way of solving a problem which will either fail completely or be very successful
Having a baby can be kill or cure for a troubled marriage.
41. As Jesus went on from there, he saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax collector’s booth.
耶稣从那里往前走,看见一个人名叫马太,坐在税关上。
e.g.a sin tax: a tax on things that are bad for you, like cigarettes and alcohol
Politicians like a sin tax as it brings in lots of revenue and not too many complaints.
42. Then he said to the paralytic, “Get up, take your mat and go home.” And the man got up and went home.
就对瘫子说:「起来!拿你的褥子回家去吧!」那人就起来,回家去了。
43. When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Take heart, son; your sins are forgiven.”
耶稣见他们的信心,就对瘫子说:「小子,放心吧!你的罪赦了。」
44. The demons begged Jesus, “If you drive us out, send us into the herd of pigs.”
鬼就央求耶稣说:「若把我们赶出去,就打发我们进入猪群吧!」
e.g. beg the question: (formal) if something that someone says begs the question, it suggests that something is true which might in fact be false
We’re assuming, are we, that Anthony will still be in charge this time next year? That rather begs the question, doesn’t it?
45. Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the waves, and it was completely calm.
于是起来,斥责风和海,风和海就大大的平静了。
e.g.rebuke:to speak angrily to someone because you disapprove of what they have said or done:
I was rebuked by my manager for being late.
as pleased as Punch 十分开心,洋洋得意
(as) proud as Punch 神气十足,非常骄傲
live on 继续生活,以……为主食,靠……生活
Marry in haste, repent at leisure
46. Jesus turned and saw her. “Take heart, daughter,” he said, “your faith has healed you.” And the woman was healed from that moment.
耶稣转过来看见她,就说:「女儿!放心!妳的信救了妳。」从那时候,女人就痊愈了。
e.g.heal over: if a wound heals over, new skin grows over it
47. Neither do men pour new wine into old wineskins. If they do, the skins will burst, the wine will run out and the wineskins will be ruined.
也没有人把新酒装在旧皮袋里,若是这样,皮袋就裂开,酒漏出来,连皮袋也坏了。
e.g.the bubble bursts: a very happy or successful period of time suddenly ends
The economy was booming, then the bubble burst with the stockmarket crash of October 1987. (usually in past tenses)
48. Jesus answered, “How can the guests of the bridegroom mourn while he is with them?”
耶稣对他们说:「新郎和陪伴之人同在的时候,陪伴之人岂能哀恸呢?」
e.g. 伴娘则为 bridesmaid。
49. But go and learn what this means: “I desire mercy, not sacrifice.” For I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.
经上说:「我喜爱怜恤,不喜爱祭祀。」这句话的意思,你们且去揣摩。我来,本不是召义人,乃是召罪人。
e.g.make the ultimate/supreme sacrifice
to die while fighting for a principle
50. On hearing this, Jesus said, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick.”
耶稣听见,就说:「健康的人用不着医生;有病的人才用得着。」
这里几乎每个”blessed are ….”,都是倒装句。
forgive me , is there this sentence that follows in bible ?? indeed ??

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