圣经文化系列 1

By http://bbs.taisha.org/thread-410725-1-8.html

1. And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.”
e.g.(as) pleased as Punch: very pleased:
She was as pleased as Punch about the news.
2. Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.
e.g. live on sth (FOOD): to only eat a particular type of food
I more or less live on pasta.
3. “Come, follow me,” Jesus said, “and I will make you fishers of men.”
e.g.Follower: someone who supports, admires or believes in a particular person, group or idea
a follower of Jesus
4. Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
e.g. poor: not good, being of a very low quality, quantity or standard:
a poor harvest
5. In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the Desert of Judea and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.”
e.g. Marry in haste, repent at leisure.
This means that if you marry someone without knowing them well, you will regret it later.
6. Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house.
e.g.be the light of sb’s life: to be the person you love most
My daughter is the light of my life.
7.You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again?
e.g.be the salt of the earth: if someone is the salt of the earth, they are a very good and honest person
His mother’s the salt of the earth. She’d give you her last penny.
8. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.
e.g.be as pure as the driven snow: to be morally good
How dare he criticize me for having an affair? He’s not exactly as pure as the driven snow himself.
9. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.
e.g.have had your fill of sth: if you have had your fill of an unpleasant situation, you will not accept it any longer
People have had their fill of empty promises and want action.
10.Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.
e.g.be too close for comfort: to make people worried or frightened by being too close in distance or too similar in amount
Those lions were much too close for comfort.
The party will have to work hard to improve its image – the last election result was too close for comfort.
11.Be careful not to do your “acts of righteousness” before men, to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven.
e.g.reap the benefit/reward, etc.: to get the benefit, etc. that is the result of your own actions
She studied every evening and reaped the benefit at exam time.
12. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
e.g.self-righteous: believing that your ideas and behaviour are morally better than those of other people
He’s so self-righteous – you’d think he’d never done anything wrong in his life.
13.But I tell you: “Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.”
e.g.persecute: to treat someone unfairly or cruelly because of their race, religion, or beliefs
(often passive) He was persecuted for his religious beliefs.
14.You have heard that it was said, “Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.”
e.g.An eye for an eye (and a tooth for a tooth).: something that you say which means if someone does something wrong, they should be punished by having the same thing done to them
If you murder someone you deserve to die. An eye for an eye.
15. Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.
e.g.abolish: to end an activity or custom officially:
I think bullfighting should be abolished.
16.And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.
e.g. necessary evil: something you do not like doing but which you know must be done, or something you do not like but which you must accept:
I think he regards work as a necessary evil.
17. Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
e.g.bad debt: a debt that is not likely to be paid:
The bank expects to lose £703 million of last year’s profits as a result of bad debts.
18. This, then, is how you should pray: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name.”
e.g. a hallowed ground
19. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.
e.g.be like a bull in a china shop: to often drop or break things because you move awkwardly or roughly
Rob’s like a bull in a china shop – don’t let him near those plants.
20.But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing.
e.g. almsgiving
21. But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.
e.g. seek out sb/sth or seek sb/sth out: to look for someone or something for a long time until you find them
She tried to seek out her real mother when she discovered she was adopted.
22. For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them.
e.g. a man/woman after your own heart: if someone is a man or woman after your own heart, you admire them because they do or believe the same things as you
He likes a good curry – a man after my own heart.
23. Who of you by worrying can add a single hour to his life?
e.g. Don’t worry your pretty little head. : used to tell someone not to worry:
“What about all the work that needs doing in the kitchen?” “I’ll sort that out – don’t worry your pretty little head about it!”
24. You cannot serve both God and Money.
e.g. serve sb right: if something bad that happens serves someone right, they deserve it
It would serve you right if your children never spoke to you again.
And she didn’t get the promotion she’d hoped for, which served her right for being so smug.
25. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
e.g. a treasure trove of sth a place that is full of something good:
a treasure trove of information
Though small, this museum is a veritable treasure trove of history.
26. So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.
27. Which of you, if his son asks for bread, will give him a stone?
28. For everyone who asks receives; he who seeks finds; and to him who knocks, the door will be opened.
29. Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye?
30. Do not judge, or you too will be judged.
e.g. You can’t judge a book by its cover.:
something that you say which means you cannot judge the quality or character of someone or something just by looking at them
She doesn’t look very intelligent, but you can’t judge a book by its cover.

31. Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock.
eg. practice what you preach: to do what you advise other people to do
I would have more respect for him if he practised what he preaches.
32. Not everyone who says to me, “Lord, Lord,” will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.
e.g. Where there’s a will there’s a way!:
something that you say which means it is possible to do anything if you are very determined to do it
I don’t quite know how I’m going to get to Istanbul with no money, but where there’s a will there’s a way!
33. Thus, by their fruit you will recognize them.
34. Watch out for false prophets. They come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ferocious wolves.
35. Enter through the narrow gate. For wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it.
e.g.lead sb by the nose: to control someone and make them do exactly what you want them to do
Cows are often led by a ring which has been put through their nose. “usually passive”
They simply didn’t know what they were doing and they were led by the nose by a manipulative government.
36. But Jesus told him, “Follow me, and let the dead bury their own dead.”
e.g.bury the hatchet: to forget about arguments and disagreements with someone and to become friends with them again
It had been over a year since the incident and I thought it was time we buried the hatchet.
37. Jesus replied, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.”
e.g. lay sth at sb’s door: to blame someone for something bad that has happened
The blame for their deaths was laid firmly at the government’s door.
38. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah: “He took up our infirmities and carried our diseases.”
39. When Jesus heard this, he was astonished and said to those following him, “I tell you the truth, I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith.
40. Jesus reached out his hand and touched the man. “I am willing,” he said. “Be clean!” Immediately he was cured of his leprosy.
e.g. kill or cure: a way of solving a problem which will either fail completely or be very successful
Having a baby can be kill or cure for a troubled marriage.
41. As Jesus went on from there, he saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax collector’s booth.
e.g.a sin tax: a tax on things that are bad for you, like cigarettes and alcohol
Politicians like a sin tax as it brings in lots of revenue and not too many complaints.
42. Then he said to the paralytic, “Get up, take your mat and go home.” And the man got up and went home.
43. When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Take heart, son; your sins are forgiven.”
44. The demons begged Jesus, “If you drive us out, send us into the herd of pigs.”
e.g. beg the question: (formal) if something that someone says begs the question, it suggests that something is true which might in fact be false
We’re assuming, are we, that Anthony will still be in charge this time next year? That rather begs the question, doesn’t it?
45. Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the waves, and it was completely calm.
e.g.rebuke:to speak angrily to someone because you disapprove of what they have said or done:
I was rebuked by my manager for being late.
as pleased as Punch 十分开心,洋洋得意
(as) proud as Punch 神气十足,非常骄傲
live on 继续生活,以……为主食,靠……生活
Marry in haste, repent at leisure
46. Jesus turned and saw her. “Take heart, daughter,” he said, “your faith has healed you.” And the woman was healed from that moment.
e.g.heal over: if a wound heals over, new skin grows over it
47. Neither do men pour new wine into old wineskins. If they do, the skins will burst, the wine will run out and the wineskins will be ruined.
e.g.the bubble bursts: a very happy or successful period of time suddenly ends
The economy was booming, then the bubble burst with the stockmarket crash of October 1987. (usually in past tenses)
48. Jesus answered, “How can the guests of the bridegroom mourn while he is with them?”
e.g. 伴娘则为 bridesmaid。
49. But go and learn what this means: “I desire mercy, not sacrifice.” For I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.
e.g.make the ultimate/supreme sacrifice
to die while fighting for a principle
50. On hearing this, Jesus said, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick.”
这里几乎每个”blessed are ….”,都是倒装句。
forgive me , is there this sentence that follows in bible ?? indeed ??

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